Title I is a Federal program that provides additional educational support to students living in areas of high poverty. The Title I program originated in 1965 when Congress passed the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and was reauthorized in 2001 with the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act. Title I is one of the oldest and largest federal programs supporting elementary and secondary education in existence, and over 90% of the school systems in the United States receive some sort of Title I funding.
The Title I program provides financial assistance through State educational agencies (SEAs) to local educational agencies (LEAs) and public schools with high numbers or percentages of poor children to help ensure that all children meet challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards. Title I reaches about 12.5 million students enrolled in both public and private schools.
Sharon Dawes Elementary School (SDES) implements a Schoolwide Title I program which means that the school has a poverty rate of 40% or higher. Funds are used to improve the overall academic program of the school. The school staff is required to develop a school strategic plan; which includes measurable improvement goals and an annual professional development plan. Specifically, Title I funding at SDES provides additional teachers and resources such as reading and mathematics instructional materials and technology equipment. In addition, funds are utilized to support parent involvement activities and to provide high quality professional development professional to staff.